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  • ARCHITECTURE

                                                               Echmiadzin                                                    Garni

    The earliest architectural structure that has been found in Armenia is the Erebuni fortress (the Urartian architecture). The south-western part of the building is the temple of god “Khald”.  During the period of Artashesyans enthronement, urban construction and the Hellenic culture was thriving. During that period the most famous pagan temple was devoted to the Goddess Anahit located in Eriza. Starting from 301 when Christianity was adopted as a state religion, the entire Hellenic culture was destined for devastation. All of the pagan temples were ruined, except the Garni pagan temple. Armenian Christian churches came to replace the pagan temples, out of which the most impressive is the Echmiadzin mother cathedral.

  • LITERATURE

                                                                 Mashtoc                                                                   Abovyan

    Armenian literature is the oldest in the world. The origin of the Armenian literature is connected with the invention of the Armenian alphabet, after which chronology starts to develop (Movses Khorenatsi, Agatangeghos, Pavstos Byuzand, Ghazar Parpetsi, Eghishe, Koryun). The medieval period was favorable for chronological prosy and due to Naghash Hovnatan, Paghtasar, Dpir and Sayat-Nova songs devoted to love were developed. In the late medieval the development of the artistic prosy, conversations, sayings starts to quicken (Mkhitar Gorsh, Vardan Aygetsni).

    The language of literature changes drastically during the age of Enlightenment.  The classic dialect was used more and more with its simplified version. Simultaneously, the literal language becomes peoples’ everyday language; the middle Armenian. The beginning of the new Armenian literature is connected with the end of the 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century, when during the last two centuries almost completely forgotten ancient culture starts its renaissance. The future of the prosperity of the nation according to the Armenian illuminators is connected with getting rid of the medieval scholasticism way of thinking and moving towards Europe. Figures of mid 19th century had their role in spreading that idea such as Harutyun Alamdaryan (1795-1834), Mesrop Tanghiadyan (1803-1858), Ghevond Alishyan (1820-1901) and others. The biggest illuminator of the time is Khachatur Abovyan, who founded the new Armenian literature.

  • MUSIC

                                                             Sayat-Nova                                                               Komitas

    Armenian music has the history of thousands of years. It was created with the formation of the Armenian language. In the 3rd century B.C. first branches of the Armenian music were formed; rural, religious (pagan) and bard folk art. Bards are Armenian folk singers. In pre Christian Armenia during the Hellenic period bards were originally serving in a temple devoted to the God Gisane. 

    After 301 the Armenian Church was after the bards, new branches of the Armenian Church; spiritual songs were being created.

    Songs created from 5-15th centuries have been preserved. The ancient Armenian spiritual music consisted of 4 major genres; hymn, anthem, canon and canticle.  These songs are combinations of music and poetry. There are spiritual and secular songs. This mostly developed in the 10th century, founded by Gregor Narekatsi.

    Later on, Sayat-Nova, Komitas played great role in the development of the Armenian music.

  • THEATER

                                                                         Adamyan                                                          Papazyan

    The Armenian theater was created on the 1st millennium B.C., during the aristocratic community order, from the ceremonies devoted to Gisane and Anahit.  The Armenian professional theater was formed from the tragedy of the period of Hellenic Armenian monarchies and peoples’ comedy.

    According to a Greek historian Plutarkosi, in 69 B.C. Tigran the Great built a construction like Hellenic amphitheater, in the southern capital of historic Armenia; Tigranakert. Artavazd II built a Hellenic style theater in Artashat which was the northern capital of Armenia. After adopting Christianity as a state religion and after strengthened the feudal orders, the contradictions between church and theater were noticed, but theater did not lose its role even in the medieval period. Later on, the Armenian theater art developed both in the Eastern and Western Armenia.